Why was Hera needed?
Since 2010, the war in Syria has caused millions of people to be displaced and therefore a serious demographic change in the area. Most people who had fled from the war, took refuge in the closest country, Turkey. Being displaced due tothe war is the worst form of the migration. In an environment where life standards are disregarded, unhealthiness is an expected condition. Health depends on whether people have appropriate livelihood, nourishment, shelter, clothing, and hygienic conditions.
However, people who had flocked to Turkey due to the conflicts have walked for days, gotten injured on the way, raped, faced violence. Therefore, their physical and mental health were damaged when they have arrived in Turkey. Although some of these damages were improved
through health services, hospital treatments, and surgeries, many people could not benefit from these services. The most important public healthproblem for the host country is that refugees have a possibility to bring contagious diseases with them. Considering that they have come to a foreign environment and are living in bad conditions, there is also a high risk to catch contagious diseases in their host country. There is an observed increase in chicken pox, diphtheria, pertussis, mumps, and neonatal tetanus among child refugees due to thelack of proper vaccination.
Mother-child health services are the most halting among the services that Syrians are getting. Majority of the refugees are women and even in camps it is not possible to have visits, retaining and observing the pregnant, after birth and newborn cares, necessary examinations, baby and child monitoring and, family planning. These services are halting outside the camps as well. Refugees are not provided with family planning policies and therefore undesirable pregnancies and infant deaths are increasing. Women, who are already under variety of stresses, are also under the risk of miscarriage and birth complications.
Health services provided to mothers and their children are the most halted servicefor Syrians. Majority of the refugees are women. Even in the refugee camps,havingregular visits, identifying and observing the pregnant, providing postnatal and newborn care, doing required physical examinations, monitoringbabies and children, providing services related to family planning is not possible. These services are not properly provided outside the camps as well. Currently, an appropriate education for family planning cannot be given to the refugees.
Therefore, undesirable pregnancies and infant deaths are increasing. Women, already living in stressful conditions, are also under the risk of miscarriage and birth complications.
Importance of Vaccinations
Vaccines are prepared from microorganisms such as viruses and bacteriae which have the ability to cause the diseases among people and animals. Vaccines do not carry the effects of toxins produced by the microorganisms which they are made of. Vaccines stimulate the
immune system without inducing diseases to fight against foreign microorganisms. After vaccination, body can recognize the microbe or the toxin and develops a defense system against it. Thus, when the body encounters with the actual microorganism, it can fight and defeat it. This individual is now immune to that disease. Immunity is one of the most important public health intervention for preventing deaths and diseases that can be preventedby vaccines.
Which diseases do the vaccines protect from?
- DaBT (the 5-in-1 vaccine or the pentavalent)vaccine protects from diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus.
- Polio vaccine protects from poliomyelitis (polio).
- Hepatitis B vaccine protects from hepatitis B-induced jaundice, cirrhosis and liver cancer.
- Hepatitis A vaccine protects from hepatitis A-induced jaundice.
- Varicella (chicken pox) vaccine protects from chickenpox disease.
- Hib vaccine protects from H. influenza type b-induced meningitis,pneumonia, and middle ear infections.
- BCG vaccine protects from tuberculosis.
- MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine protects from measles, measles-related pneumonia, otitis media, SSPE (subacute sclerosingpanencephalitis) disease, congenital rubella syndrome, and mumps.
- Conjugated pneumococcal vaccine protects from pneumonia, brain inflammation (encephalitis) and sepsis (blood poisoning).
Importance of Prenatal Controls
Approximately more than 600,000 women lose their lives because of the pregnancy and childbirth related complications all around the world. The preventive care services for the mother and the newborn are required for promoting a healthy birth and protecting the health of the baby and the mother. These services include prenatal, natal, and postnatal care. Prenatal care is themonitorizationof the mother and the baby periodically by doing the necessary examinations and giving suggestions by a health worker during the pregnancy.The aim of the prenatal care is to ensure that women will havehealthy pregnancies and give birth to healthy babies. By prenatal care, risky pregnancies and diseases that had existed before the pregnancy are detected. Also, diseases that might come up as pregnancy complications in the future are diagnosed and treated. The decisions of where and how the birth will be are made during this period. Mother receives informationaboutthe nourishment, the pregnancy hygiene, the birth, the care after birth, the infant care, and the methods of family planning she can use after the birth.